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Orris Root

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  • Model: S10240

Description

NOTE: This is a special order only item. We do not stock it. Lead time is generally 7-10 working days.

Botanical Name: Iris germanica

A.K.A (Common Name): Orris Root, German Orris Root

The iris is a group of  plants known for their beautiful blooms and their adaptability to an astonishing variety of growing conditions, from the temperate reaches of Oregon to the marshes of Louisiana and even the desert American  Southwest. In ancient times the iris was a symbol of power and majesty used as  the original scepter.
 
The orris is a group of two species of European iris, cultivated in the region  near Florenceand sold as "ghiaggiuolo." The rhizomes, resembling ginger, are dug  up in August, stripped of their rootlets and bark, and then dried until they  have a chalky appearance. Dried orris root smells like violets. It is used primarily as a base for  natural toothpastes, and as a fixative in perfumes to enhance other aromas.
 
Powdered orris root lends a pleasant scent to freshly laundered linens and to potpourri.  It also can be used as a  snuff to relieve sinus headache and as a stabilizer in cosmetics. Orris root is extremely "puckery" if chewed fresh.  It must be dried to be palatable. Drying also concentrates  its aromatic essential oils.

The dried root is diuretic,  expectorant and stomachic.  It is taken internally for coughs, catarrh and diarrhea.  Externally it is applied to deep wounds.  The root is harvested in late summer and early autumn and dried for later use. The juice of the fresh root is a strong purge for dropsy.

Constituents
Starch, myristic acid, iridin, nine recently identified anti-inflammatory  flavonoids and four isoflavone glycosides: iriskashmirianin  4'-O-beta-D-glucoside (1), nigricin 4'-O-beta-D-glucoside (2), irilone  4'-O-beta-D-glucoside (3) and iridin (4).
   

Parts Used
The cleaned and dried root, powdered before storage.
   

Typical Preparations
Usually taken as powder, infusion, or tincture, can be encapsulated. Relatively large daily doses, 12-15 grams (3-5 tablespoons) are typically required.
   

Summary
The flavonoids of orris root are known to possess anti-inflammatory activity explaining the herb's traditional use for sore throats and colds.  Orris root is mildly diuretic; it was traditionally used for "dropsy" or congestive heart failure. Orris root that is stored in powdered form is more useful as a diuretic, while Orris root that is stored in a chopped form is more useful as an anti-inflammatory. 

Source:     http://www.ibiblio.org/pfaf/cgi-bin/arr_html?Iris+germanica+florentina